This section lists the tropical bamboo species we have in production. They
are all tropical, or sub-tropical, clumping bamboos and are generally not
cold-hardy like the temperate, running bamboos. Some, the sub-tropicals, can
tolerate freezing temperatures for short periods. Check the minimum
temperatures listed on each species description as a guideline for which
species can grow unprotected in your area.
ABS characterizes this plant as viney but it can manage without support. It is growing nicely, fairly delicate and bushy with droopy culm tips, in South Florida. Spidery branches that attach to surrounding plants (if any are within reach). This is a tight mountain clumper from Yunnan, China. Professor Xue Jiru introduced it to the U.S.A. It matures to 30' tall in China but probably no more than 15' in S.Florida. It does seem to have some cold hardiness - mid 20s F with no problems. Minimum USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
A green culmed, small leafed bamboo. Originates from the Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia. Traditionally used by the Aboriginals for making didgeridoos and structures.
The new shoots are edible and have a very distinct lime green color - unlike any other bamboo.
Its growth habit is somewhat scruffy. Not often used as an ornamental landscape bamboo, but does produce very strong bamboo timber poles. Poles are reportedly resistant to termites that are plentiful in its native region.
More for the collector or timber grower.
Imported April/2011 into USDA quarantine and will be available after the summer of 2014. Click to find your zone.
Native to New Guinea, the Moluccas, and Sangihe Island. Often found on limestone. Thin-walled, tight clumping, reed-like shrub with large leaves/no low branching. About 5% of the leaves are variegated. Persistant culm sheaths create an ornamental effect. Grows 25' tall with 1" diameter culms. Minimum temp 30 degrees F. Minimum USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
From India. Strong, used for construction, paper pulp, crafts, and edible shoots. When mature, the primary branch at each node is almost perpendicular to the culm - in India, this has been utilized to quickly create a single pole ladder.
This species is representative of many Indian bamboos in that it's much more useful than ornate.
50' tall with 4" diameter culms. Min temp 24 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Fast growing, thick-walled, soft. Lower branches are long, wiry and armed with thorns. Edible shoots. Used for paper in India. Very small leaves. There are many seedling varieties, or cultivars, of this species. The seeds of the cultivar listed here were germinated at Fairchild Tropical Garden, Miami.
The species name 'Bambusa bambos' (L.) Voss takes priority over the taxonomic synonym 'Bambusa arundinacea' (Retz.) Willd. and is the correct name to use, although Bambusa arundinacea remains the name representative of the type of the conserved genus Bambusa.
May grow up to 50' tall with 3" diameter culms in Florida. Min temp. 30 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Somewhat similar to the standard Beechey but without the Bamboo Mosaic Potex Virus. Culms generally arch and are covered with white powder and when young. We are only propagating Pubescens and do not grow the standard B.beechey. Will grow to 45' tall with 3" diameter culms in Florida. Reported to be cold-hardy to 21 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
In India and Indonesia, a tall,thorny bamboo. It is used for construction, baskets, and edible shoots.
In South Florida, it seems to grow more bushy than tall.
Will grow to about 30' tall with 1" diameter culms. Min. temp. 28 deg F. Min USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
A small-growing bamboo with a delicate appearance. Fine leaves that droop to the ground when young. Can be used as a privacy screen in applications where a shorter bamboo is required.
Will grow to 20' tall with 1" diameter culms. Min. temp. 27 deg F. Min USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Dense clumper with medium/large leaves. More of a collector's bamboo than for general landscape use. From Burma.
Can grow to 30'tall with 1.5" diameter culms in Florida. Minimum temp 32 Deg F. Min USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
I first took note of this species 15 years ago in the book 'A Compendium of Chinese Bamboo'. During one of several collection trips to China in 2012, it finally was sent to USDA quarantine. In March/2013, it was released to us and is now being test-grown at Tropical Bamboo Nursery & Gardens.
In South China, it grows in appearance like a dwarf combination of Bambusa chungii and Bambusa textilis gracilis. It averages 15' in height with thin, finger-sized culms. Used in china for weaving.
If it performs well in South Florida, we anticipate it will work well as a small privacy screen or a small-garden feature plant.
Cold-hardiness is unknown at this time but we're guessing it should handle temperatures in the range of the aforementioned B.chungii and B.textilis.
Availability in 2014.
MIn USDA zone: 9a. Click to find your zone.